BUITTLE, a parish, in the stewartry of Kirkcud-bright, 4 miles (S. E. by S.) from Castle-Douglas; containing, with the village and port of Palnackie, 1059 inhabitants. This place is of great antiquity, and there are still some remains of its castle, supposed to have been the principal seat of the ancient lords of Galloway. The parish, of which the name is of very uncertain derivation, is bounded on the east by the river Urr, and on the south by the bay of Orchardton, in Solway Frith; it is about eight miles in length, and nearly three in average breadth. The surface is diversified by hill and dale; in the middle and lower districts it is broken with numerous rocky knolls, covered with furze and broom, but in the upland districts the ground is more uniformly level, and better adapted for the plough. The soil is various, and, on the arable lands, generally fertile; the chief crops are, oats, barley, wheat, potatoes, and turnips. The system of agriculture is improved; the lands have been extensively drained, and large tracts of moss have been brought into profitable cultivation. Great attention is paid to the rearing of cattle, which are all of the Galloway breed, except on two or three of the dairy-farms, where those of the Ayrshire breed are preferred; the cattle are usually sent to the English markets when three years old. Considerable numbers of sheep are reared, and fed upon turnips, and mostly sent to Liverpool. The rateable annual value of the parish is £7757.
   The plantations, which have been greatly extended within the last few years, now comprise about 960 acres. They consist chiefly of oak, ash, larch, and Scotch fir; and on some of the lands planted at an earlier date, are remarkably fine specimens of luxuriant growth; though many of the larches, after flourishing vigorously for a few years, degenerate. The substratum is chiefly granite, of very excellent quality, of which an extensive quarry was opened some time since, at Craignair Hill, and afforded employment to about 200 men; blocks weighing from seven to eight tons were, for some years, shipped for Liverpool, but the quarry, at present, is only wrought to a very limited extent, for home use. The ecclesiastical affairs are under the superintendence of the presbytery of Kirkcudbright and synod of Galloway; the minister's stipend is £231. 6. 2., with a manse, and a glebe valued at £20 per annum; patron, the Crown. The church, situated in the centre of the parish, and erected in 1819, at an expense of £1000, is a handsome structure in the early English style, containing 400 sittings, and, from the height of the walls, well adapted for the erection of galleries, if additional seat room should be required. In the churchyard, are the walls of the ancient church, covered with ivy, and forming a beautiful ruin. There are two parochial schools, the masters of which, respectively, have salaries of £28 and £23, with dwelling-houses, and the fees average about £25. On a farm called Castlegower, on the north-west border of the parish, are the remains of a vitrified fort. There are two wells, formerly held in high repute, and one of which was celebrated for the cure of diseases peculiar to cattle; but they are now totally disregarded.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Buittle — is an ecclesiastical and former civil parish in the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright in the South West of Scotland.HistoryThe name is ancient, as it is derived from the Northumbrian term boðl , settlement or Hamlet. Northumbrian expansion into what was …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas de Buittle — infobox bishopbiog name = Thomas de Buittle religion=Roman Catholic Church See = Diocese of Galloway Title = Bishop of Galloway Period = 1415 1420 × 1422 consecration = June 14 × September 5, 1415 Predecessor = Gilbert Cavan Successor = Alexander …   Wikipedia

  • Orchardton Tower — Near Palnackie, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland GB grid reference NX817551 …   Wikipedia

  • Haugh of Urr — Coordinates: 54°58′41″N 3°52′05″W / 54.978°N 3.868°W / 54.978; 3.868 …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Vaus — infobox bishopbiog name = Alexander Vaus religion=Roman Catholic Church See = Diocese of Galloway Title = Bishop of Galloway Period = 1422 1450 consecration = before July 16, 1380 Predecessor = Thomas de Buittle Successor = Thomas Spens post =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gilbert Cavan — infobox bishopbiog name = Gilbert Cavan religion=Roman Catholic Church See = Diocese of Galloway Title = Bishop of Galloway (elect) Period = 1412 × 1415 1415 consecration = none Predecessor = Elisaeus Adougan Successor = Thomas de Buittle post =… …   Wikipedia

  • Kirkcudbrightshire —   County (until circa 1890)   Country Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Balliol — Edward de Balliol (c. 1282 ndash;1364) was the short lived King of Scotland during the simultaneous reign of King David II. In the autumn of 1332, and again in 1333 6 he was able to establish a temporary hold in parts of southern Scotland with… …   Wikipedia

  • Sweetheart Abbey — Infobox monastery name= Sweetheart Abbey order= Cistercian founder= Dervorguilla of Galloway established= 1273 mother= Dundrennan Abbey disestablished= 1624 diocese= Diocese of Galloway churches= Buittle; Crossmichael; Kirkcolm; Kirkpatrick… …   Wikipedia

  • Palnackie — infobox UK place country = Scotland official name= Palnackie gaelic name= scots name= os grid reference= NX8188857193 latitude= 54.892145 longitude= 3.840896 population= 148 (2001 Census) unitary scotland= Dumfries and Galloway lieutenancy… …   Wikipedia

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